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In England, Henry VIII granted a charter to a combined group of barbers and surgeons, which ultimately evolved into the Royal College of Surgeons.In 1530 the first book devoted entirely to dentistry was published in Germany and was written in German instead of Latin.Dentistry, the profession concerned with the prevention and treatment of oral disease, including diseases of the teeth and supporting structures and diseases of the soft tissues of the mouth.Dentistry also encompasses the treatment and correction of malformation of the jaws, misalignment of the teeth, and birth anomalies of the oral cavity such as cleft palate.One of the first dentists in America was English surgeon and dentist John Baker, who settled in Boston in 1763.Other immigrants to follow included Robert Wooffendale, who emigrated from England in 1766 and practiced in New York City, and Jacques Gardette, who moved from France in 1778, eventually settling in Philadelphia.It addressed barber-surgeons and surgeons, who treated the mouth, rather than university-trained physicians, who ignored all diseases of the teeth.
contain evidence of small holes in the jaw in the vicinity of a tooth’s roots.
In 1806 English dentist Joseph Fox, who served on the staff of Guy’s Hospital in London, offered the first observations on what is today recognized as the “rejection phenomenon” of transplants.
United States came in the 1630s with the settlers of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, who were accompanied by barber-surgeons.
In early colonial America, dental care was also rendered by artisans such as ivory turners.
One such artisan was Isaac Greenwood, who began practicing dentistry in 1779 and is considered to be the first American-born dentist. The most prominent, John Greenwood, served as George Washington’s dentist.
Other craftsmen performed a variety of dental services, the most well known being Paul Revere, who practiced dentistry for seven years in Boston.