Dating course miracles
Nissen started from the assumption that the Greeks and Romans regarded the gods and manifestations of the world-preserving spirit, and as such subordinated them to the original symbol of the world-spirit, the sun.
Consequently, according to his theory, the temples were so placed that on the day settled on the calendar as the birthday and feast day of the god the rays of the rising sun fell along the axis of the temple and thus also on his statue.
Besides the statue of the god to whom the temple was dedicated, statues of other gods were at times placed in the temple, partly as ornaments, partly because of their connexion with the principal god.
Taking their use as the basis of classification, three kinds of temples may be distinguished: temples for worship, for use in connexion with the agones , or festival games, and for the mysteries.
The anniversary of the dedication was celebrated annually by a sacrifice.
Among the equipments of the temple was a massive altar, sacrificial tables, movable heaths for fire, sacrificial utensils and other objects, which were dedicated at the same time as the temple.
When new temples were built precincts already consecrated to the divinity were preferably chosen.
It was also customary to select the highest spot in a city, the acropolis, as the general,preference at that time was for high, open spaces.
However, in times of necessity, especially in war, these treasures were often melted down, as were the costly church utensils of the medieval era and of later periods.Still other buildings were frequently inside this enclosure, as the houses for the priests, or the stalls for the sacrificial animals.Vessels containing water were placed at the entrance; from these, those entering sprinkled themselves to be purified from all guilt, as nothing impure was permitted to enter the precincts. The point towards which a Roman temple faced varied, according to the theory of H.To mark these boundaries no walls were needed; a formula spoken by the augur was sufficient, and from this ceremony came the phrase effari locum , literally, "to proclaim a place", hence, to define and dedicate.
It is certain that the Indo-Germanic peoples originally had no buildings for the worship of their gods, but worshiped the gods upon mountains, as Herodotus expressly says of the Persians, or believed the supernatural beings were present in groves or trees.
Either it was built upon a high stone platform, and thus united architecturally with the temple, or it stood in front of the steps or in the portico.